FOOTNOTES

I. Introduction Controversial History

l. The Autobiography of Herbert W. Armstrong, (1967), 336.

2. Armstrong, 337.

3. Frank Spencer Mead, Handbook of Denominations in the United States (Abingdon Press, 1951).

4. Harry W. Lowe, "Radio Church of God, How its teachings differ from Seventh Day Adventists," (Pacific Press, 1970), 18-19.

5. A.N. Dugger and C.O. Dodd, A History of the True Religion (Jerusalem, 2nd Edition, 1968), 294.

6. Interview, Carl Palmer, October 14, 1971, and a Seventh Day Adventist Minister (1971)

II. The Messenger Party

1. John N. Loughborough, Rise and Progress of the Seventh Day Adventists (General Conference Association of Seventh Day Adventists, 1892), 391.

2. Arthur W. Spalding, Origin and History of Seventh Day Adventists, Vol. I (Review and Herald Publishing Association, 1961), 252-53.

M. Ellsworth Olsen, A History of the Origin and Progress of the Seventh Day Adventists (Review and Herald Publishing Association, 1925), 230.

3. Loughborough, 188-196, 217.

4. Ibid., 391.

5. James White, Life incidents (Steam Press of the Seventh Day Adventist Publishing Association, 1868), 294-296.

6. Ibid.

7. The Advent Review and Sabbath Herald, December 18, 1860, 39-40.

8. Review, April 16, 1861, 175.

9. Loughborough, 205-06; Spalding, 229.

10. Review, February 20, 1855.

11. Review, December 4, 1879.

12. Review, December 11, 1879.

III. The "Church of God" Controversy

1. Loughborough, 227-28.

2. A.N. Dugger and C.O. Dodd, A History of the True Religion (Jerusalem, 2nd Edition, 1968), 289.

3. Charles Monroe, "A Synoptic History of the Churches of God in the Latter Days," in Facts of Our Faith, January, 1969, 17-18.

4. Dugger and Dodd, 289-90.

5. Review, August, 1850, 7.

6. William A. Spicer, Pioneer Days of the Advent Movement (Review and Herald, 1941), 255.

7. Review, April 23, 1861, 181.

8. Review, October 1, 1860, 140.

9. Hope of Israel, Vol. I, No. 4 (1863).

10. Review, March 19, 1861.

11. Dugger and Dodd, 293-94; April 9, 1861 Review and Herald.

12. John Kiesz, History of the Church of God (Seventh Day), (Stanberry, 1965), 7-8.

IV. The Question of Ellen G. White's Visions

1. Review, January 14, 1862, 52.

2. Review, August 6, 1861, 76.

3. D. M. Canright, Seventh Day Adventism Renounced (Fleming H. Revell Co., 1889), 38-41.

4. Jacob Brinkerhoff, "The Seventh Day Adventists and Mrs. White's Visions," (Advent and Sabbath Advocate, 3rd edition, 1884), 6.

5. Ibid., 11-12.

6. Ellen G. White, Early Writings, 273

7. Review, September 26, 1935.

8. Present Truth, August 1849, 22.

9. Uriah Smith, Looking Unto Jesus, 237.

10. Material on  Seventh Day Adventism from The Gathering Call.

11. Ellen G. White, The Great Controversy, 657.

12. Ellen G. White, Testimonies for the Church, Vol. I, 131-32.

13. Testimonies (1872), Vol. III, 21.

14. Gathering Call material.

15. Testimonies, Vol. II, 68, 400.

16. Testimonies (1885), Vol. V, 366.

17. Seventh Day Adventist Church Manual (1932), 78.

18. James and Ellen G. White, Life Sketches (Steam Press of the Seventh Day Adventist Publishing Association, 1888), 270-72.

19. Ibid., 304.

20. Testimonies, I, 411-13.

21. Ibid., 234-39, 250-51.

22. Ibid., 311-23, 326-40.

23. Uriah Smith, The Visions of Mrs. E. G. White, a Manifestation of Spiritual Gifts According to the Scriptures (Steam Press of the Seventh Day Adventist Publishing Association 1868), 131-32; Testimonies, I, 653-55, 660-61.

V. The Michigan Church of God

1. Quoted in John Kiesz, 14-15.

2. Dugger and Dodd, 296.

3. Adelbert Branch, "The Backward Look: Memoranda of the Seventh Day Baptist Church of White Cloud, Michigan," (The Bible Witness Press, Berea, West Virginia, 1937).

4. Branch; Kiesz, 17.

5. Branch.

6. Hope, August 10, 1863, cited in Kiesz, 17.

7. Loughborough, 216-17;

Spalding, 229.

8. Branch.

9. Kiesz, 17.

10. Branch.

11. Dugger and Dodd, 296.

12. Branch;

Dugger and Dodd, 296-97.

13. Macum Phelan, New Handbook of all Denominations (Cokesbury Press, 1930, 1933), 19-20.

14. Michigan Historical Records Survey (1940), 35.

15. Branch.

16. Bible Advocate, August 12, 1963, 13-20.

17. Branch.

18. 1936 Census of Religious Bodies (United States Government), 36.

19. Hope, August 10, 1863.

20. Hope, August 24, 1863.

21. Kiesz, 19.

22. Fellowship Herald, October, 1960, 8.

23. Hope, March 10, 1864.

24. Cranmer's Recollections Given to Branch.

25. Hope, March 24, 1864.

26. Hope, April 10, 1864.

27. Hope, April 23, 1864.

28. Hope, June 15, 1864.

29. Hope, July 6, 1864.

30. Hope, October 7, 1864.

31. Kiesz, 39-40.

32. Letter dated Allegan, Michigan, January 8, 1865 in January 11, 1865 Hope.

33. Advocate, August 12, 1963, 13-20.

34. Cranmer's Recollections.

35. Kiesz, 26.

36. Hope, November 2, 1864.

37. Kiesz, 42-43.

38. Hope, March 16, 1865;

Kiesz, 46-48.

39. Hope, August 10, 1863.

40. Hope, August 24, 1863.

41. Cranmer's Recollections.

42. Hope, August 10, 1863.

43. Hope, August 24, 1863.

44. A May, 1864 Hope.

45. An 1863 Hope.

46. John Reed in June 15, 1864 Hope.

47. Hope, November 2, 1864.

48. Kiesz, 48.

49. Kiesz, 42.

50. Kiesz, 44.

51. Kiesz, 47.

52. Field Messenger, March 21, 1928, 30.

53. Advocate, August 12, 1963, 25-26.

54. Hope, October 28, 1863.

55. Kiesz, 45.

56. Kiesz, 27-28.

57. Kiesz, 28-29.

58. Kiesz, 49.

59. Cranmer's Recollections.

60. Ibid.

61. Ibid.

62. Sabbath Recorder, October 29, 1917.

63. Russell J. Thomsen, Seventh Day Baptists - Their Legacy to Adventists (Pacific Press, 1971), 92 and footnote 13 on page 95.

64. Advocate, May 31, 1937.

65. Ibid., quote of S.C. Hancock.

66. Kiesz, 53.

VI. The Church of God in Marion, Iowa

1. Advocate, August 12, 1963.

2. Loughborough, 268-69.

3. Everett  Dick, Founders of the Message (Review and Herald, 1938), 306-07.

4. Whites' Life Sketches, 329-333.

5. Olsen, 232-37.

6. Fellowship Herald, October 1960, 6-9.

7. Hope, September 7, 1864.

8. Fellowship Herald, op. cit.

9. Charles Monroe, "A Synoptic History of the Churches of God in the Latter Days," in Facts of Our Faith, January 1969, 12-25.

10. Fellowship Herald.

11. Loughborough, 267-68.

12. H.E. Carver, "Mrs. E.G. White's Claims to Divine Inspiration Examined," (Advent and Sabbath Advocate Press, 2nd edition, 1877), 9-10.

13. Loughborough, 267.

14. Carver, 9-10

15. Loughborough, 268.

16. Carver, 9-10.

17. Carver, 13-14.

18. Spalding, 229-30.

19. Fellowship Herald, op. cit.

20. Carver throughout.

21. Kiesz, 53.

22. Kiesz, 54.

23. Kiesz, 59.

24. Loughborough, 269.

25. Messenger, February 3, 1921, 3.

26. Kiesz, 55.

27. Kiesz, 60.

28. Kiesz, 59-60.

29. Kiesz, 90.

30. Kiesz, 51, 99.

31. See 1860's and 1870's issues of The World's Crisis.

32. Kiesz, 64.

33. Kiesz, 62.

34. Kiesz, 56.

35. Kiesz, 54.

36. Carver, op. cit.

37. Loughborough, 391-92.

38. Smith on Ellen G. White, 95.

39. Carver, op. cit.

40. Smith on Ellen G. White, 82-83.

41. Carver, op. cit.

42. Carver.

43. Fellowship Herald, op. cit.

44. Kiesz, 67; Advocate, August 12, 1963, 25-26.

45. Kiesz, 54.

46. Kiesz, 55, 58.

47. Fellowship Herald, op. cit.

48. Kiesz, 56.

49. Kiesz, 66.

50. Kiesz, 56.

51. Ibid.

52. Kiesz, 59.

53. Loughborough, 269.

54. Kiesz, 61.

55. Kiesz, 62-63.

56. Advocate, June 28, 1937, 7-8.

57. Kiesz, 63.

58. Advocate, June 28, 1937, 9-11.

59. Kiesz, 63-64.

60. Kiesz, 63-64.

61. Kiesz, 64; Advocate, July 5, 1937, 9-11.

62. Fellowship Herald, op. cit.

63. Advocate, July 5, 1937, 9-11.

64. Ibid.

65. Kiesz, 65,67.

66. Kiesz, 74.

67. Kiesz, 66.

68. 1936 Census, 36.

69. Kiesz, 66.

70. Kiesz, 67-68.

71. Kiesz, 68-69.

72. Advocate, July 12, 1937, 9-11.

73. Kiesz, 69.

74. Advocate, July 26, 1937, 7-9.

75. Kiesz, 69; Advocate, July 26, 1937, 7-9.

76. Kiesz, 69.

77. Kiesz, 70; Advocate, August 12, 1963, 25-26.

78. Kiesz, 71.

79. Ibid.

80. Kiesz, 65.

81. Loughborough, 137.

82. Canright, 38-41, 47, 51, 57.

83. Testimonies, I, 113, 119, 133, 166, 140, 360, 361, 566, quoted in Canright, 64-66.

84. Canright, 62-63.

85. Canright, 39.

86. Kiesz, 72.

VII. The Move to Stanberry

1. Fellowship Herald, op. cit.

2. Advocate, July 26, 1937, 7-9.

3. Kiesz, 75.

4. Advocate, August 2, 1937, 8-9.

5. Kiesz, 75.

6. Kiesz, 79.

7. Kiesz, 80

8. George Batten and Company's Directory of the Religious Press of the United States, (New York, 1892), 78.

9. Advocate, November 1969, 286.

10. The Tribune Almanac and Political Register (1893), 190; Census Bulletin, No. 142, 66.

11. Kiesz, 77.

12. Kiesz, 72, 76.

13. Kiesz, 74.

14. Kiesz, 81; Advocate, August 9, 1937, 8-11; Advocate, September 13, 1937, 7-10.

15. Advocate, September 6, 1937, 10-12.

16. Kiesz, 73.

17. Dugger and Dodd, 311-16.

18. Kiesz, 82.

19. Christ Kiesz, "Mission Accomplished," in Advocate, August 12, 1963, 31-32; Kiesz, 75.

20. Advocate, March 4, 1924, 152-53.

21. Kiesz, 78.

22. Monroe, 18.

23. Fellowship Herald, April 1961, 1-3.

24. Ibid.

25. Kiesz, 76-77.

26. Kiesz, 80; Advocate, September 6, 1937, 10-12; Advocate, August 9, 1937, 8-11; Fellowship Herald, June 1956, 5.

27. Advocate, January 1, 1924, 14.

VIII. Independent Church of God Splits - 1905

1. 1936 Census, 6.

2. Kiesz, 85.

3. 1906 Census, 29-31.

4. Kiesz, 83.

5. Fellowship Herald, January 1962, 3,6; Mount Zion Reporter, March 1971, 14; Interview with Frank Walker, November 1, 1971.

6. Remnant of Israel, June 1917, 8.

7. Advocate, November 9, 1915, 784; Kiesz, 90.

8. Thomsen, 92-95.

9. Advocate, October 29, 1918, 741.

10. Evangel of Hope and Bible Banner, November 1918, 3.

11. "Correspondence Relative to the Michigan Conference. Church of God and Seventh Day Baptist," 19.

12. 1926 Census, 32.

13. Interview with Robert A. Barnes, October 20, 1971.

14. Advocate, May 19, 1925.

IX. Andrew N. Dugger and the Church of God Surge in the 1920s

1. Kiesz, 84-87.

2. Kiesz, 81, 84, 85.

3. Advocate, December 20, 1908, 110-111; and December 24, 1907, 138.

4. Advocate, September 15, 1908, 4.

5. Advocate, April 9, 1907, 249.

6. Advocate, February 11, 1908, 177; May 12, 1908, 285; August 11, 1908, 392.

7. Kiesz, 86.

8. Advocate, July 19, 1910, 329; December 6, 1910.

9. Kiesz, 87-89.

10. Advocate, June 10, 1913, 481.

11. Advocate, September 27, 1937, 9-11.

12. Advocate, September 3, 1907, 415.

13. Advocate, September 27, 1937, 9-11.

14. Advocate, LVII (1923), 149-50; Messenger, June 13, 1922, 5.

15. A.N. Dugger, "Our Work: Sketches of the Past and Present," in Advocate, August 6, 1929, 488-92.

16. Reporter, August 1971, 11.

17. Tracts published by the Mount Zion Reporter, "The Rebirth of Israel," and "Crisis Dates in Bible Prophecy."

18. Reporter, February, March and April, 1971.

19. Advocate, August 6, 1929, 488-92; Messenger, September 15, 1925, 11.

20. Messenger, April 4, 1922, 47.

21. Advocate, LVII (1923), 9,12.

22. Messenger, September 16, 1926, 6.

23. Messenger, August 14, 1923, 14, 16; and September 15, 1925, 12; Advocate, May 20, 1924, 331.

24. Advocate, September 30, 1924, 646-47.

25. Messenger, August 14, 1923, 14.

26. Kiesz, 90.

27. 1916 Census, 29-30.

28. Kiesz, 90; Advocate, August 6, 1929, 488-92.

29. Kiesz, 91.

30. Reporter, June 1971, 14; August 1971, 20.

31. Kiesz, 91.

32. Advocate, August 6, 1929, 488-92.

33. Advocate, December 2, 1919, 778-79.

34. Kiesz, 92.

35. Advocate, April 21, 1925, 263.

36. 1920 Federal Council Yearbook of Churches, 16.

37. Messenger, September 23, 1921, 21.

38. Kiesz, 92.

39. A.N. Dugger, "An Outline of Our Work," in Messenger, June 23, 1921, 1.

40. Advocate, August 6, 1929, 488-92; Messenger, November 1, 1921, 27-28.

41. Messenger, February 3, 1921, 2; June 23, 1921, 10-11; September 23, 1921, 23; November 1, 1921, 27-28.

42. Messenger, February 3, 1921, 3-4.

43. Ibid., 1.

44. Barnes Interview.

45. Messenger, February 3, 1921, 3-4; Fellowship Herald, May 1961, 7-8.

46. Messenger, op. cit.

47. Messenger, September 23, 1921, 22.

48. Messenger, June 12, 1923, 7.

49. Messenger, September 12, 1922, 19.

50. Ibid., 17-18.

51. Messenger, January 3, 1922, 35; February 1, 1922, 37; June 13, 1922, 5; October 10, 1922, 22; November 14, 1922, 25; December 19, 1922, 29-30.

52. Messenger, September 12, 1922, 19.

53. Messenger, March 1, 1922, 42.

54. Messenger, January 16, 1923, 35; June 12, 1923, 8; July 17, 1923, 10.

55. Monroe, 18.

56. Messenger, January 16, 1923, 35.

57. Advocate, August 7, 1923, 470-71.

58. Advocate, March 4, 1924, 148-49.

59. Messenger, April 17, 1923, 45.

60. Kiesz, 95.

61. Messenger, May 15, 1923, 2.

62. Advocate, August 7, 1923, 466-67.

63. Messenger, op. cit.

64. Messenger, August 14, 1923, 13.

65. Albert N. Rogers, Seventh Day Baptists in Europe and America, III (Plainfield, New Jersey, 1972), 229.

66. Messenger, July 17, 1923, 9.

67. Advocate, May 15, 1923, 286.

68. Advocate, July 8, 1924, 438.

69. Advocate, September 11, 1923, 528.

70. Advocate, July 31, 1923, 449; December 1922, 756; September 18, 1923, 548-49; Rogers, 47-48, 56.

71. Advocate, June 4, 1907, 320; October 1, 1907, 48.

72. Advocate, LVII (1923), 201.

73. Advocate, October 13, 1925, 645, 649-50.

74. Messenger, January 16, 1923, 34;February 13, 1923, 37; May 15, 1923, 3; November 13, 1923, 25; December 11, 1923, 29;July 17, 1923, 9; August 14, 1923, 13; February 13, 1923, 37; March 13, 1923, 42-43; April 17, 1923, 46.

75. Advocate, LVII (1923), 8.

76. Messenger, March 13, 1923, 42.

77. Advocate, LVII (No. 13 in 1923), 190-94.

78. Messenger, January 22, 1924, 33; February 26,1924, 39; December 18, 1924, 33; January 20, 1925, 37.

79. Advocate, March 24, 1925, 193-94.

80. Messenger, April 1, 1924, 43-44; Advocate, September 9, 1924, 565.

81. Advocate, September 16, 1924, 585.

82. Messenger, June 20, 1924, 1; July 15, 1924, 7; Advocate, October 7, 1924, 659.

83. Messenger, May 13, 1924, 45.

84. Kiesz, 96.

85. Advocate, May 27, 1924, 345.

86. Advocate, June 17, 1924, 391.

87. Advocate, June 24, 1924, 409.

88. Advocate, March 25, 1924, 201.

89. Messenger, July 23, 1921, 1.

90. Advocate, April 21, 1925, 263.

91. Advocate, May 6, 1924, 295.

92. Advocate, September 9,. 1924, 569-70.

93. Advocate, March 11, 1924, 168.

94. Dugger in Advocate, August 6, 1929, 488-92; Messenger, September 16, 1926, 6; Kiesz, 97- 98.

95. Messenger, February 20, 1925, 43.

96. Messenger, January 19, 1926, 25-26.

97. Messenger, November 24, 1926, 13.

98. Kiesz, 98.

99. Kiesz, 97; Advocate, September 21, 1926, 316-18; Messenger, May 19, 1925, 53; March 17, 1925, 45; July 14, 1925, 4; September 15, 1925, 10; April 22, 1926, 35-36; June 25, 1926, 48.

100. Messenger, September 16, 1926, 10.

101. Messenger, September 15, 1925, 11.

102. Kiesz, 98.

103. Advocate, September 22, 1925, 596.

104. Advocate, March 31, 1925, 214.

105. Great Controversy, 297, 309.

106. Loughborough, 62.

107. Advent Review Extra, September 1850; Francis D. Nichol, The Midnight Cry (Review and Herald, 1945), 462-63; Francis D. Nichol, Reasons for Our Faith (Review and Herald, 1947), 221.

108. Advocate, August 11, 1908, 387.

109. Isaac C. Wellcome, History of the Second Advent Message and Mission, Doctrine and People (Yarmouth, Maine: B. Thurston and Co., 1874), 98-127.

110. Uriah Smith, The Prophecies of Daniel and the Revelation, (Southern Publishing Association, Revised edition, 1949), 377-405.

111. Kiesz, 94.

112. Advocate, February 9, 1926, 97-99.

113. Advocate, July 6, 1926, 463-64.

114. Advocate, July 20. 1926, 495-96.

115. Advocate, August 6, 1929, 488-92; Messenger, September 20, 1927, 6-7; Kiesz, 98.

116. Messenger, April 20, 1927, 36; September 20, 1927, 6-7.

117. Kiesz, 98-99.

118. Messenger, February 14, 1928, 26.

119. Kiesz, 99; Advocate, August 6, 1929, 488-92.

120. Kiesz, 99.

121. Advocate, January 27, 1925, 69, 73.

122. Advocate, January 22, 1929, 58-59; December 17, 1929.

123. Advocate, January 26, 1948, 16; April 4, 1949, 10.

124. Advocate, April 3, 1928, 219.

125. Advocate, May 19, 1925; August 6, 1929, 488-92.

126. Kiesz, 100.

127. Advocate, August 27, 1929, 521.

128. Kiesz, 99-100.

129. Advocate, August 6, 1929, 488-92.

130. Kiesz, 100-102.

131. Reporter. June 1971, 14.

132. Advocate, August 6, 1929, 488-92.

133. Messenger, February 3, 1921, 1.

134. Messenger, September 15, 1925, 9; Advocate, July 21, 1925, 479.

135. Kiesz, 101-102; Dugger and Dodd.

136. Kiesz, 101.

137. Dugger and Dodd, 298.

138. Kiesz, 102.

139. Advocate, November 7, 1932, 692.

140. Advocate, September 19, 1932, 564.

141. Advocate, January 9, 1933, 25.

142. Advocate, August 12, 1963, 21.

143. Advocate, May 3, 1937, 7; May 10, 1948, 4-6; May 17, 1948, 5-7;May 24, 1948, 6-9; June 7, 1948, 4-6; May 31, 1948, 5-7.

144. Advocate, August 12, 1963, 21.

145. Canright, 94-95.

146. Advocate, April 9, 1907, 256; et. al.

147. Advocate, June 13, 1913, 479; November 9, 1915, 782-83; February 1, 1916, 143.

148. Advocate, March 16, 1920, 174-75.

149. Advocate, February 19, 1924, 127.

150. Messenger, October 13, 1925, 15-16.

151. Advocate, December 8, 1925, 777.

152. Advocate, July 12, 1937, 9-11.

153. Advocate, April 4, 1907, 251.

154. Advocate, April 16, 1907, 259.

155. Advocate, April 28, 1908, 271-72; May 5, 1908, 280.

156. Advocate, March 16, 1909, 208.

157. Advocate, April 12, 1910, 220-21.

158. Advocate, March 30, 1917, 260.

159. Advocate, March 18, 1924, 192, 225-26; May 6, 1924, 294-95.

160. Messenger, March 22, 1926, 33.

161. Advocate, March 15, 1937, 10-11.

162. Messenger, April 1, 1924, 43.

163. Advocate, April 14, 1925, 246.

164. J.N. Andrews, History of the Sabbath and First Day of the Week, (Steam Press of the Seventh Day Adventist Publishing Association, 2nd edition, 1873), 82- 92.

165. Remnant of Israel, June 1915, 7; April 1921, 8.

166. Advocate, August 8, 1916, 565-67.

167. Advocate, March 20, 1917, 252-53.

168. Advocate, May 6, 1924, 298.

169. Advocate, August 12, 1963, 25-26.

170. Advocate, May 12, 1908, 287.

171. Advocate, May 9, 1911, 422.

172. Kiesz, 100.

173. Advocate, May 17, 1937, 16.

174. Advocate, May 24, 1937, 6-8.

175. Messenger, March 21, 1928, 30.

176. R.V. Lyon, "The Scattering and Restoration of Israel," (Seneca Falls, New York, 1861.

177. Advocate, September 13, 1937, 7-10.

178. Advocate, LVII (1923), 218.

179. Advocate, December 2, 1919, 769-70, 784.

180. Interview with Otis J. Cole, August 27, 1971.

181. Advocate, September 11, 1923, 528.

182. Advocate, July 15, 1913, 574.

183. Cole Interview.

184. Advocate, August 11, 1908, 392; Henry C. Sheldon, Studies in Recent Adventism (New York, 1915), 29.

185. Advocate, May 21, 1907, 304.

186. Messenger, April 24, 1928, 31.

187. David T. Arthur, The Evangelical Adventists - 1855-1914 (unpublished thesis at Aurora College, 1963, University of Rochester), 371; H. Wakelin Coxill and Sir Kenneth Grub, editors, World Christian Handbook (Abingdon Press, 1968), 121; Phelan, 20; Elmer T. Clark, The Small Sects in America (Abingdon, 1949), 44-45; LeRoy Edwin Froom, "Seventh Day Adventists," in Vergilius Ferm The American Church of the Protestant Heritage (Philosophical Library, 1953), 384.

188. The Restitution Herald, April 16, 1890; 1917 Federal Council of Churches Yearbook, 111, 208.

189. Advocate, December 15, 1908, 103-04.

190. Advocate, April 23, 1907, 266; February 9, 1909, 163; December 22, 1925, 10-12.

191. Messenger, February 3, 1921, 1; April 24, 1928, 31.

192. Advocate, January 26, 1926, 77.

193. Advocate, August 17, 1926, 254.

194. Advocate, December 22, 1908, 111.

195. Advocate, May 13, 1924, 308-09.

196. Kiesz, 98.

X. The Division of 1933 Stanberry and Salem

1. Dugger and Dodd, 298-306; Bible Advocate (Salem), November 6, 1933.

2. 1936 Census, 424.

3. Kiesz, 103.

4. Interview with E.A. Straub, October 27, 1971.

5. Interview with Robert A. Barnes, October 20, 1971.

6. Ibid.

7. Advocate, January 9, 1933, 25; August 14, 1933, 520-521.

8. Advocate, October 23, 1933, 660-61.

9. Advocate, November 13, 1933, 708.

10. Messenger, October 30, 1933, 13.

XI. Two Groups: Stanberry and Salem, 1933-1949

1. Kiesz, 104.

2. Barnes Interview.

3. Kiesz, 104-105.

4. Straub Interview.

5. Kiesz, 104-105.

6. Interview with Martin L. Ogren, October 31, 1971.

7. Kiesz, 105.

8. E.T. Clark, 43-44.

9. 1936 Census, 425.

10. Barnes Interview.

11. Straub Interview.

12. Michigan Historical Records Survey, 35.

13. Barnes and Straub Interviews.

14. 1936 Census, 424-25.

15. Michigan, op. cit., 35-36; eight page pamphlet from Stanberry.

16. Advocate, October 23, 1933, 660-61.

17. Messenger, October 30, 1933, 13.

18. 1936 Census, 36.

19. Advocate, February 25, 1935, 9.

20. Advocate, March 15, 1937, 16.

21. Advocate, March 14, 1938, 11.

22. Interview with Frank Walker, November 1, 1971.

23. Advocate, March 4, 1935, 8-9; May 13, 1935.

24. Straub Interview.

25. 1936 Census, 37.

26. Advocate, December 25, 1933, 752.

27. Kiesz, 105-107.

28. Advocate, January 26, 1948, 2.

29. Kiesz, 105.

30. Kiesz, 107.

XII. The Merger: 1948 - 1949

1. Kiesz, 106.

2. Straub Interview.

3. Ibid., Kiesz, 107.

4. Straub Interview.

5. Kiesz, 108; Straub Interview; Advocate, March 1, 1948, 9-10.

6. Advocate, April 19, 1948, 11; Straub Interview.

7. Straub Interview.

8. Advocate (Stanberry), March 8, 1948, 5-7.

9. Advocate, June 14, 1948, 5; July 26, 1948, 9; October 25, 1948, 4-5; December 6, 1948, 8-10.

10. Advocate, March 8, 1948, 11.

11. Advocate, April 19, 1948, 10.

12. Advocate, May 31, 1948, 16.

13. Advocate, April 19, 1948, 11.

14. Advocate, August 2, 1948, 10-12.

15. Advocate, August 30, 1948, 10.

16. Advocate, April 4, 1949, 8.

17. Advocate, June 28, 1948, 13.

18. Advocate, May 2, 1949, 12-13.

19. Advocate, May 16, 1949, 12.

20. Kiesz, 109; Straub Interview.

21. Advocate, March 22, 1948, 11-13.

22. Advocate, March 8, 1948, 10-11.

23. Kiesz, 109.

24. Kiesz, 110.

25. Advocate, March 15, 1948, 10-12; March 22, 1948, 11-13.

26. Advocate, June 21, 1948, 10-11; November 7, 1949, 5-6.

XIII. The Post Merger Period, 1949 - 1973

1. Kiesz, 110-111.

2. Advocate, February 27, 1950, 12, 16.

3. Straub Interview.

4. Ibid.

5. Interview with Raymond C. Moldenhauer, October 20, 1971.

6. Straub Interview.

7. Barnes Interview.

8. Ogren Interview.

9. Advocate of Truth, February 1, 1971, 2.

10. 1971 Yearbook of American Churches, 28.

11. Barnes and Floyd Turner Interviews.

12. 1971 Yearbook, 180.

13. Tract, "What Started Us to Israel," from the Mount Zion Reporter.

14. Tract, "The Constitution of the Church of God," from Salem, West Virginia.

15. Issues of the Jerusalem Messenger, 1970 - 1972.

16. Reporter, December 1970, 12.

17. Reporter, December 1969, 13.

18. Reporter, July 1970, 15.

19. Reporter, August 1972, 20.

20. Reporter, August 1972, 5, 7.

21. Tracts, "Easter, Christmas and Sunday;" "What was abolished by Christ," 6-7; Explanation of Prophetic Chart," 29.

22. Frank Walker Interview.

23. Advocate, March 21, 1949, 3-6.

24. Ogren Interview.

25. Ibid.

26. Ibid.

27. Issues of the Herald of Truth, 1971 - 1972.

28. Monroe, 20-24.

29. Ibid.

30. Frank Walker tract, "The Church of God United . . . Under Christ," 4-6.

31. Barnes Interview.

32. Dugger and Dodd, 286-87.

33. Advocate, May 12. 1908, 287; May 9, 1911, 422.

34. Interview with Mark Burnham, October 31, 1971.

35. Interview with Clair W. Ahlborn, November 1-2, 1971.

36. Pamphlet - "History of the General Council of the Churches of God (Seventh Day)."

37. Acts, March 1, 1951, 11.

38. Ibid., 2.

39. Acts, July 1, 1951, 1

40. Acts, September 1, 1952, 2.

41. Acts, March 1972, 2.

42. Ahlborn Interview; Tract, "A Declaration of Things Most Commonly Believed Among Us."

43. Burnham Interview.

44. Interview with Carl Palmer, October 14, 1971.

45. Walker Interview.

46. Palmer Interview.

47. General Council History.

48. Fellowship Herald, August 1971.

49. Tract, "Maranatha College: Past, Present Future."

50. Fellowship Herald, February - April, 1965, 20.

51. Various issues of Fellowship Herald, 1971 - 1972.

52. Burnham Interview.

53. Barnes Interview.

54. Fellowship Herald, September 1964, 14.

55. Fellowship Herald, April 1956, 4, 10.

56. "Sabbath Handbook and Directory of Sabbath - Observing Organizations," (Bible Sabbath Association, Fairview, Oklahoma, 3rd edition, 1969), 7.

57. Sabbath Sentinel, June 1972, 8.

58. "Echoes From Eden Home Bible Study Series," 44-45.

59. Kiesz, 111-12.

60. Ibid.

61. Kiesz, 112-14.

62. Kiesz, 114-15.

63. Straub Interview; Interview with Ed. M. Blenis, October 21, 1971.

64. Kiesz, 115-16.

65. Kiesz, 123-24.

66. Kiesz, 124-25.

67. Mead's Handbook of Denominations, 74-75.

68. Messenger, March - April 1973, 5.

69. Messenger, March - April 1973, 11; November - December 1972, 18; March - April 1972, 16; May - June 1972, 7; September - October 1971, 62.

70. Messenger, September - October, 1971, 32.

71. Messenger, September - October, 1971.

72. Messenger, November - December, 1971.

73. Messenger, July - August, 1970.

74. Messenger, September - October, 1971.

XIV. Analysis at 1973

1. Spalding, 257.

2. 1971 Yearbook of Churches, 180.

3. John N. Loughborough, Rise and Progress of the Seventh Day Adventists (Battle Creek, 1892), 391.

4. Loughborough, The Great Second Advent Movement: It's Rise and Progress (Washington, D.C., 1909), 472- 73.

5. Tract, "General Council of the Churches of God, Seventh Day: A Bit of History."

6. Great Controversy, 297-98, 309, 317.

7. Nichol, 446-48.

8. Robert G. Torbet, A History of the Baptists (Revised, Valley Forge, Pennsylvania, 1963), 297.

9. Henry C. Vedder, A History of the Baptists in the Middle States (Philadelphia, 1898), 203.

10. Whitney R. Cross, The Burned Over District (Ithaca, New York, 1950).

11. Dugger and Dodd, 281-282, 287.

12. Seventh Day Baptist, Vol III, 10, 13.

13. Canright, op. cit.

14. Messenger, November - December 1971, 18.

15. Monroe, 20. W

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