The Identity of Finland


Rainer Salomaa & Allan Reipas


We have seen a momentous amount of proof that England and the U.S.A. are descendents of the tribe of Joseph and bear the name of Israel, but what about the other Israelitish tribes, and more specifically, what about the modern identity of the tribe of Issachar? Seeing that I was born in Finland and that Allan is of direct Finnish descent, we have a particular interest in the identity of the Finnish people.

The material presented is a composite of both of our research. Allan has contributed a great deal more than I have so most of the credit for the material presented actually belongs to him. (He is a university graduate of chemistry who is living in Montreal right now.)

In Gen. 49:14-15, God says that “Issachar is a strong ass couching down between two burdens; and he saw that rest was good, and the land that it was pleasant; and bowed his shoulder to bear, and became a servant unto tribute.”

“Issachar” comes from the Hebrew word “Yissaskar,” meaning “He will bring a reward.” It comes from the word “sakar” which means “payment of contract, concerning salary, fare, maintenance.” Now the country of Finland is internationally known for paying off her contracts. She is the ONLY nation paying off her World War I debts to the U.S.A.! Also, at the end of World War II she lost some of her most valuable territory in the Karelia region to the Russians. This was about 11% of the country’s total area, including 10% of its arable land, 11% of its forests, and 10% of its industries. On top of this, she was burdened with paying off the staggering amount of $300,000,000 in reparations to the Russian bear. The nation tightened its belt, paid off the entire amount by 1952, and hosted the summer Olympics that same year.

When God says, “Issachar is a strong ass ...” He means it. Their national stubbornness can be graphically illustrated in their annuls of World War II. The nation fought the Russian bear almost single-handed even when they were vastly out-numbered. They had 9 divisions of 15,400 men per division compared with between 26 and 29 divisions of 18,700 men per Russian division. The Finns only had 56 tanks compared with 2000 Russian tanks. Yet in spite of being so vastly out-numbered, they held the Russian bear at bay for about three years!


The Finnish army used cross-country skies and wore white in the Winter


In a little booklet entitled “Finland” published by the information section of the embassy of Finland, there is a sub-heading entitled “History: Buffer between East and West.” God says that Issachar is “couching down between two burdens.” Finland never has been a colonizing nation — the Finns have been content to stay in their national boundary and have not bothered to extend their sphere of influence. The Finns have constantly been caught between the struggle between the east and the west. When they were dominated by Sweden, the nation was a battle ground between the Swedes and the Russians. World War II is an excellent example of the East-West struggle. For the first three years of the war Finland fought with the Germans against the Russians, but during the last two years of the conflict they fought with the Russians against the Germans. It’s interesting to not that during this war General Mannerheim, commander-in-chief of the Finnish forces between 1939 and 1944, led a Finnish attack against the Russians under the banner of the tribe of Issachar! After the war, in 1947, Finland applied for membership into the U.N. but the question became a bone of contention between the EAST and the WEST. Because of this contention, the application was not granted until Dec. 1955. Since then, Dr. Kekkonen, the Finnish president has paid numerous state visits to both EAST and WEST to show that Finland’s neutrality and the character of their neutrality is recognized everywhere.

Issachar saw that the land was pleasant. It’s interest to read the national anthem — “Our Land” which reads:


Our land, our land, our fatherland, sound loud, O name of worth!

No mount that meets the heaven’s band, No hidden vale, no wave-washed strand,

Is loved as in our native North, Our own forefather’s earth.


Thy blossom, in the bud laid low, Yet ripened shall upspring.

See! From our love once more shall grow Thy light, thy joy, thy hope, thy glow!

And clearer yet one day shall ring The song our land shall sing.


This anthem is in adoration of the land. Finns certainly are enamoured by their land. “When the Creator made Finland, he relaxed,” writes Hudson Strode. “He took water and earth and trees and spread them about casually ... in wooded hills and rocky fells, rivers, marshes, archipelagoes, and still blue lakes dotted with verdant islands ...” (Finland Forever).

Deut. 33:18-19 says that Issachar shall suck of the abundance of the seas and of the treasures hid in the sand. It was really interesting to note that the Finnish exhibit at the Pamonicia County Fair displayed glass piggy banks. Riihimäen Lasi (trademark: Finncristall) is one of the largest glass works in Scandinavia. It exports its manufactured glass to as many as eighteen countries. I got a post-card from my sister who attended the Finnish exhibit at the Montreal’s World Fair and the post-card displayed ceramics and glass. Finnish glass design is world famous. A booklet entitled “Finland” said, “It is, paradoxically, in the development of glass and ceramics that the influence of the ancient [Finnish] crafts of wood and weaving has been most felt.” And “. . . the best of hand-made ceramics and glass ranks with anything made anywhere else in the world.”

I Chron. 12:32 mentions the fact that the men of Issachar had understanding of the times — that is, of mathematical and astronomical information. According to the Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown Commentary, Jewish writers say that the people of this tribe were eminent for their acquirements in astronomical and physical science. It’s very interesting to remember that my father told me that the most important subject to learn is MATHEMATICS! Before I came to Ambassador College, I was majoring in the physical sciences at the University of Alberta. From the booklet “Finland and its Students” (Helsinki — 1962), I learned that the elementary school children (grades 1 to 8) who do not enter secondary school are given basic instruction in MATHEMATICS and NATURAL SCIENCE as well as Finnish, history and citizenship. In Junior secondary school (grades 5 to 9), they learn two foreign languages. They also learn elementary ALGEBRA and GEOMETRY. In the senior secondary school (grades 10 to 12), they have a choice between two courses — concentrating on either languages or MATHEMATICS. In the math division, pupils are taught physics, chemistry, and an extensive course in math and three languages. In general, the girls choose the language courses and the boys choose the math courses. All of the higher institutes of learning have math and the physical sciences near the top or at the top of the list in subjects taught. For instance, The University of OULU has at present three faculties: Philosophy (which so far consists of the mathematical and natural science departments), Technology (which confers degrees in engineering and architecture) and Medicine. The University of Turku has five faculties, three of which are Mathematics and Natural Science, Chemistry, and Technology. Helsinki University has six faculties among which are Agronomy and Forestry and Philosophy, which includes mathematics and natural science.


Finnish architects are world-known. Look at Job’s great pyramid. He was of the tribe of Issachar! The architectural Saarinen family — Eliel (1865-1967) and Eero (1910-1961) were pioneers of the skyscraper design. Eero is famous for his TWA terminal at Kennedy International Airport in New York as well as Dulles Airport Terminal in Washington, D. C. Alvar Aalta  (1898-), a recipient of the American Association of Architects’ Gold Medal Award, is internationally renowned in architectural and design circles. His Baker House Dormitory, Cambridge, Mass., the house for Louis Carré, France, and his Cultural Center, Wolfsburg, West Germany, are a few of his achievements outside of Scandinavia. Alvar Aalto ranks right up there with Frank Lloyd Wright and Corbusier to form the trio of pioneers of contemporary architecture.

“It is not only the excellence and relative abundance of modern architecture that impresses in Finland; it is the fact that so SMALL and remote a country should have contributed so much to international development. The Finns have a NATURAL SENSE OF FORM which is easily expressed in BUILDING and in applied art.” (from the booklet “Finland”).


“Toronto’s New City Hall A Way-Out Political Palace”

Weekend Magazine, No. 9, 1965


Look what’s happening in Toronto!

Staid old, stodgy old, grew old — but sometimes gay old — Toronto.

At the northwest corner of money-minded Bay Street and dowdy Queen Street, the city is completing a breath-taking city hall. Its two curving towers — one 27 floors, the other 20 — soar suddenly into the sky from the midst of an 11½-acre civic square. Between the towers sits the council chamber, looking for all the world like an oval golf ball on a tee.

To some, the new building, designed in a world-wide competition by Finnish architect Viljo Revell (who died last year), ranks with the wonders of the 20th Century. Mayor Philip Given sees it as the focus of Toronto’s renaissance. “It’s unusual, unique, daring and bold,” he says. “It typifies the spirit of Toronto.”

To others, such as former Mayor Allan Lamport, whom Mayor Given defeated in last December’s mayoralty race, it’s a modernistic horror, a waste of money, a silo in the sky.

It is certainly expensive. The basic building price is about $26 million. Land and furnishing costs push this up to about $29 million. The 2,400-car parking garage beneath the square costs another $7 million.

But it is sparking redevelopment. An office tower will rise on the southeast corner of Bay and Queen Streets. There is talk of a mammoth development incorporating the old City Hall just east of the new one. And by July, when occupancy of the new hall begins, the city hopes to be on the way to eradicating the tawdry jumble of shops along the south side of Queen Street across from the new hall.

The civic square, named after Nathan Phillips, the venerable mayor who fostered the new building, is also turning into a focal point for city activities. Hootenannys, concerts and art shows are planned for the summer. And right now Torontonians are flocking to the artificial ice rink in the heart of the square.

The rink, which becomes a reflecting pool in summer, is a booming, even un-Toronto-like success.

“It’s a smasheroo,” says Mayor Givens.


Paul Rush, Weekend Magazine



When I was reading a book entitled A History of Finland, I came across an interesting passage. An obscure young scholar at the university of Turku published a study of Finland in1700. His name was Daniel Juslenius. He drew upon earlier writers, folk tales, mythology, and chance similarities in words or names to construct and “imaginary tale” of the Finn’s national greatness of the past. The Finns were set down as one of the Jewish Tribes who had founded a mighty state under one of Noah’s descendents.


It is also interesting to note that the “Christian” burial customs of having the graves in an east-west direction appeared in Finland at least a century before the first crusade of 1157 came from England!

Pages 50-51 of Volume II of the Compendium say, “Through intermarriage of the lien of Odin” — the founder of the kingdom of Denmark in the days of David — “has permeated throughout Western Europe. Small wonder that the lion of Judah is the symbol on the coat of arms and shields of the royalty of Northwestern Europe.” The lion is even on the coat of arms of Finland and on their military flag as is shown below.



Coat of Arms


National Ensign


State & Military Flag



If a closer look is taken at the coat of arms of Finland, it is noticed that there are nine blossoms or flowerettes around the lion. These represent the nine provinces of Finland, at the time she gained her independence from Russia in 1917. Although there are now twelve provinces in Finland, the nine flowerettes still remain on the coat of arms, just like there remain thirteen stripes on the flag of the United States of America, representing the thirteenth tribe of Israel (see the book The United States and British Commonwealth in Prophesy, p. 126). Can there be any justification in the Bible for saying that Issachar is the ninth tribe of Israel? There certainly can! From Gen. 29:31 to Gen. 30:24, the Bible relates the order of birth of Jacob’s sons. Beginning with the firstborn they are Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Dan, Naphthali, Gad, Asher, Issachar, Zebulon, and Joseph (Benjamin was born later). Thus Issachar was the ninth son of Israel. And the fact that Finland fought using nine division against the Russians in World War II seems to be just too much for mere coincidence.



Present Day Finland


Areas ceded to U.S.S.R. in World War II Illustrated in Red.



In a book about Finland, Hugh Shearman describes another outstanding characteristic of the Finns. In giving his impressions of Finnish life as portrayed in the great Finnish fold epic, the Kalevala, he remarks, Women have a high importance, and mothers are deeply venerated, a not insignificant feature when one finds it in even the primitive life of a land which was to lead Europe in the emancipation of women and in coeducation.” Yes, in 1905 Finland was the first country in Europe to give women the right to vote. Now does the Bible indicate that special privileges were extended to women of the tribe of ISSACHAR? As you should know by now, Job was one of the sons of Issachar (Gen. 46:13). And in the last chapter of the book of Job, it describes Job’s second set of children, whose descendants survive to this day. Remember his first set had been destroyed because of their wickedness (Job 1:4, 18-19). In Job Chapter 42, beginning in verse 13, “He had also seven sons and three daughters. And he called the name of the first Jemima; and the name of the second, Kezia; and the name of the third, Kerenhappuch. And in all the land were no women found so fair as the daughters of Job: and their father gave them inheritance among their brethren” (Job 42:13-15). The Bible speaks for itself: the names of Job’s seven sons are not even mentioned.

Up to this point you have seen the basic proofs, or clues as to the identity of the Finns. I say clues, because any one of these taken by itself would not constitute a totally satisfactory proof. But, when all these clues are added up and taken into account, it is clearly seen that they establish conclusively that the tribe of Issachar and the nation of Finland are one and the same. All the characteristics of Issachar can be attributed to no other nation or tribe on the face of the earth! Neither can Finland be described as perfectly by the description of any other peoples mentioned in the entirety of the Bible! Yet there is one more astounding proof of Finland’s identity in the Bible.


First let’s consider Finland in more detail, as to what kinds of differences we find among the Finns themselves. The following passage is a translation from a textbook of the Finnish language, entitled Finnish for Foreigners by Maija-Hellikki Aaltio:

“When the Finns moved into Finland about two thousand years ago, they hadn’t yet formed one nation, but lived on the peninsula of Finland as different tribes. A great deal is spoken about these tribes even today and we are of the opinion, that even yet it is possible to some extent anyway to notice the difference in the people’s character in the different parts of Finland.

“In the east, closest to the border of the Soviet Union, live the Karelians, who are darker and more vivacious than the rest of the Finns. They are generally very musical and love singing and playing music. One recognizes a Karelian when they say ‘mie’ for ‘minä’ (meaning ‘I’ in English), and ‘sie’ for ‘sinä’ (meaning ‘you’ in English). They are encountered nowadays in all areas of Finland, because the Soviet Union received in the war of 1941-44 the larger part of Karelia and the inhabitants of the area then left their homes and moved to other parts of Finland. Karelia’s cultural centre was the internationally recognized old merry city of Viipuri (Vyborg), where there was also situated an old castle constructed several centuries ago.

“On the northern and western side of the Karelians dwell the talkative Savo people, who always have an answer ready and who are talked about more in stories than all the rest of the Finns put together. It is said that Savo people would rather be work bosses than work doers and hold themselves to be somewhat better than the rest of the people. For example Savo’s many inland-water-boat captains are great humorists. Savo is the most beautiful of the lake districts, where water is often more plentiful than land. Savo people are easily recognized by the way they speak. They say for example ‘mua’ for ‘maa’ (meaning ‘land’ in English), ‘piä’ for ‘pää’ (head), ‘männöö’ for ‘menee’ (goes) and ‘tulloo’ for ‘tulee’ (comes).

“The opposite of the Savo people are the Tavastians who live on the west side of Lake Päijänne. They speak little and are very serious. The Tavastian is very fair and blue-eyed. He is tranquil and perhaps a bit slow-moving, but very enduring on the job, once he has begun. Don’t ever provoke a Tavastian! He forgets slowly, if at all.

“The Ostrobothnians, who live on the east side of the Gulf of Bothnia, are a tall, proud people, who are known for their love of freedom. If the nation of Finland has risen for one reason or another in historic times, the leaders have generally come from Ostrobothnia. From this area there have emigrated to other countries, more than from anywhere else in Finland, so that nowadays one can encounter Ostrobothnians in America as well as in Australia, not to mention Sweden.”

In addition, here is a paragraph written by Matti Kurjensaari on the same topic:

“The people of Karelia are lively, talkative, impressionable: they adjust themselves with amazing ease to new surroundings and are always ready to accept new innovations. Add to the Karelians and the ‘static’ people of Häme (the Tavastlanders), . . . the people of Savo with their ready wit and the obstinate and freedom-loving East Bothnians, and you have all the original tribes of Finland. The resettlement of the Karelian population and the rapid process of urbanization have, of course, destroyed certain historical tribal peculiarities; but fundamental traits are still clearly recognizable in the character of the inhabitants of the various parts of the country.”

So we find that the Finns are made up of four sub-tribes which all played a part in the establishment of Finland. Can there be found anything about this in the Bible? Of course! In Gen. 46:13 it says, “And the sons of Issachar; Tola, and Phuvah, and Job, and Shimron.” There are four sons of Issachar, then. But did each son found a sub-tribe of his own? Read Numbers 26:23-24, “Of the sons of Issachar after their families: of Tola, the family of the Tolaites: of Pua (a later spelling of Phuvah), the family of the Punites: of Jashub (a later spelling of Job), the family of the Jashubites: of Shimron, the family of the Shimronites.”

At this time it is a fair question to ask how we can be sure that these Biblical sub-tribes correspond in reality to the sub-tribes of Finland. Would it not be more reasonable to suppose that as the Issacharites lost their identity, distinctions between the sub-tribes ceased to be noticed as the tribe became more homogeneous in composition through intermarriage? And then new sub-tribes developed purely because of the Finns settling into four different isolated areas? Well I admit that this probably did happen with most of the other Israelite tribes because their sub-tribes mentioned in Numbers 26 seem to have disappeared long ago. But of the Finns, Shearman says, “The social life is patriarchal, families living together in all their branches and generations.” With this tendency strong in Finnish society, it then becomes less difficult to see how sub-tribal distinctions remain. But was this tendency always so strong?

Amazingly enough the Bible answers this question, but in an implicit manner. Examine carefully the prophecy about Issachar in Genesis 49:14, 15. Verse 14 gives a general description of the whole tribe: “Issachar is a strong ass couching down between two burdens.” Then notice that verse 15, describing what Issachar was prophesied to do, can neatly be divided into four parts. Would each of these parts not give a specific identification of each sub-tribe? The first part says, “And he saw that rest was good.” Most obviously this refers to the “static” and tranquil Tavastians. Since this is mentioned first, it means that the descendants of Tola, Issachar’s first son, are the Tavastians. The first-born son usually inherits the leadership of the tribe, and it is significant that both Turky, Finland’s ancient capital, and Helsinki, Finland’s modern capital are located in the Tavastland area.

The second part of verse 15 says, “and the land that it was pleasant.” Now it was mentioned that the people of Savo inhabit the most beautiful land in Finland — the lake district. For this shows that the people of Savo are descendants of Phuvah, Issachar’s second son.

Let’s jump now to the fourth part of this verse, “and became a servant unto tribute.” It was the Karelians who were mostly affected by the war against Russia. While the other sub-tribes gave only of their time and effort to pay off the reparations which Russia demanded, it was the Karelians who truly became servants to tribute by giving up their land as well.

Finally this leaves us with the Ostrobothnians, who can only be the descendants of Job. Of all the sons of Issachar, we know most about his third son Job who certainly had to “bow his shoulder to bear” all the calamities that Satan inflicted upon him. Likewise his descendants are obstinate and freedom-loving, and live in the northern part of Finland where the climate and the topography are the harshest. And even as Job was accustomed to living in the land of Uz (Syria), far from the rest of this brothers in Egypt, his descendants today, the Ostrobothnians, are the most likely to emigrate from Finland than the others.

The amazing way in which Issachar’s four sub-tribes are dealt with in the Bible now completes the proof that modern Finland is the ancient Israelite tribe of Issachar. The story of how the Finns traveled from Palestine, where their ancestors lived over 2500 years ago, to Scandinavia is no less a dramatic description, for it ties in closely with the history of another people whose origin has been shrouded in mystery, the Japanese.



Map: The Founding Tribes of Finland – Above in the Bible, Middle in English, below in Finnish



Extract from Northwest Europe in Prophecy, pages 57-58, 138-140 by Stanley Olson. [this may have been published as Incredible Nordic Origins – ed]


“… called by that name because their worship of God was so zealous. It is supposedly they who were called holy by ancient authors. In ancient times, their services were pure and, in all probability, they brought these with them to “Scandien” relatively uncounterfeited. . . . These Vodiner were of ancient Scythian stock, but shortly before the Macedonian war, they gave way to a Greek race called Geloner.” The Universal History tells us that the Geloner were Goths (Volume XIX, p. 257).

Dalin further relates that they were also called “husbandmen.” “They farmed the land with greater diligence than the Vodiner and build hamlets. Yet another race — a mixture of Scythians, Greeks and Hebrews, bearing the name Neuri joined themselves to both of the two previously mentioned races. Thus from three peoples they became like one, who moved toward the west to our Finnish and Swedish belts of rock off the coast. In regard to the Neuri, who actually are the very tribe in the direction of the Finns, Lapps and Estonians, it should be noted that they are found to be remnants of THE TEN FAMILIES OF ISRAEL, who Salmanasser, the King of Assyria, took captive from Canaan. After one and a half year’s traveling, they moved to a land where no man had yet dwelt, called Arfareth and corresponds to the Scythians’ Arfaratha. When one finds how much the languages of the old Finns, Lapps and Estonians agree with the Hebrew, plus the fact that this people anciently figured the beginning of the year from the first of March and figured Saturday as their Sabbath, one also sees that th eNueri in all probability have had this origin” (Dalin, Sven-rikes Historia, Volume I, pp. 49-55, emphasis mine). Interesting words!

Authors to share this credence in the Finns’ Israelitish origin were O. Rudbeck (the younger), Bjørner, and Högström.

Another work under the same title, Svea Rikes Historia, was written by Lagerbring and published in 1769. He mentions the striking similarities of the Hebrew language compared with the language of the Finns and the Lapps. In Lagerbrings’ time, this led some to believe that both peoples must have been either remnants of the Canaanites or of the nine or ten Tribes of Israel, carried away by Salmanasser (Part I, Chapter 1, p. 45). He refers to another work which demonstrates how 200 words in the Lappish language resemble the Hebrew. “Many villages in Finland bear an exact resemblance to the names of various places in Persia, where peradventure the carried-away Israelites lived for a certain length of time” (p. 45).

“Besides this, there are many ancient customs among the Lapps and the Finns that appear to have a great deal in common with the Israelitish ones ... It seems particularly strange that Saturday among the Lapps is greatly venerated and kept much more holy than Sunday — which has also been noticed among the Finns” (p. 46).

Dr. Gustav Kraitchek and Dr. Wilhelm W. Krauss, authors of Raskunskap, discuss the uncertainty of when the original Finns came to Finland, but explain “that there is no doubt that they came from the south — from today’s Estonia. It appears most probable that this migration started half a millennium before our Era ...” (Raskunskap, pp. 143, 144). This agrees very well with the time for the migration discussed in Dalin’s work!

It can be of significance that several Germanic words were absorbed into the Finnish language not later than 500 B.C. (Nordenstreng, Europas mãnniskoraser och folkslag, p. 244).

Furthermore, in the light of references to the Estonians quoted above, it certainly is interesting to note that their rulers were probably of Swedish stock (ibid., p. 265).

Describing the same time period (400-500 years before our Era), Wieselgren mentions the concept of scholars that the most remarkable Asiatics, who migrated to the peaceful Nordic settlements, were the Scythians and the “Göther.” They came through Russia, from a great distance, from a southeasterly direction. They did not stop until they reached Scythia and “Gothia.” These “Asiatics worshipped ‘All-Father,’ Creator of heaven and earth, in purity and sincerity. They served him loyally, living in one or three monarchies, all deeply monarchial in their politics. This deistic, monarchial Utopia has, by some, been described as regrettably destroyed by monks and priests” (Skandinavernas förstfödslorätt, p. 72).


The Cimbri


In 111 and 106 B.C. we read of a people in Scandinavia called Cimbri. At this time they were so powerful that 300,000 men were gathered from Juteland along to march in a conquering trek towards Gaul and Rome! (See Story of the Nations and Northern Antiguities.)” (pages 57-58)

The national character of one of the other tribes of Israel, Zebulun, is usually clear. Although no animal is used to describe their temperament, their principal industry is so perfectly portrayed that anyone can be able to understand.

“Zebulun shall dwell at the haven of the sea; and he shall be for an haven of ships; and his border shall be unto Zidon” (Gen. 49:13).

Today, the largest port in the world, in actual tonnage, is Rotterdam’s “Europort”!

When we deal with the repetition of history, we will learn of some striking ties between Zebulun and one of the other tribes of Israel.

In dealing with Issachar, we find that the national disposition becomes a significant factor in determining where the tribe lives today.


“Issachar is a strong ass couching down between two burdens: And he saw that rest was good, and the land that it was pleasant; and bowed his shoulder to bear, and became a servant unto tribute” (Gen. 49:14, 15).

This identical way of thinking is now extant in one of the Scandinavian nations — Finland!

“Finns do not have the intense love of freedom which the Swedes possess. . . . Prosperity, not adversity, makes a Finn defiant and overbearing. Adversity, however, makes him give in. Juhani Aho, an authority on his people, does not flatter them when he very accurately likens them to juniper twigs, which give in under the horses’ hoofs and the rolling canons, only to rise again in the tracks, even though bruised. And the Finnish party leader, Finnish party leader, Yrjö-Koskinen, holds up humility as the foremost national virtue. . . . He [the typical Finn] gives in far too easily under his lot, and seldom makes an attempt to change it” (Nordenstreng, Europas mãnniskoraser och folkslag, p. 260).

What could possibly bear a closer resemblance to the temperament of Issachar!

It should be remembered that the characteristics just cited are the leading features of Finns in Central and Western Finland, and that Estonians, in addition, bear a certain resemblance to the Western Finns (Nordenstreng, Europas mãnniskoraser och folkslag, pp. 261, 263-264; Rosberg, Nordiskt kynne, p. 211).

“The Moses, who led us to this Land of Promise, understood the characteristic strength, which lies concealed in his people’s toughness, resembling a juniper-twig,” writes Aho in his book entitled “Katajainen kansani,” (i.e. “My Juniper-twig People”). See Nordiskt kynne, p. 179.

Another illustration of this frame of mind is cited by Rosberg as “. . . the narrow views during out prolonged subjection under foreign dominion” (Nordiskt kynne, p. 200, emphasis mine; See also p. 188 ibid., and Raskunskap, p. 74).

Rosberg adds, however, that there is a certain aversion to lowering one’s dignity and reputation. Other traits, common Israel, are listed (Nordiskt kynee, p. 202).

The potentialities of the Finns are striking. Abroad, they acquired great linguistic knowledge, soon rising to the highest positions, such as ministers, governors, and even generals. Rosberg cites an entire list of diplomats on page 156 of Nordiskt kynne.

“Another thing, which appears to be a characteristic of the Finns, is the love of reading and theoretical speculations. . .” (ibid., p. 211).

There must be no other nation which uses anywhere near as much literature” (ibid., emphasis mine).

Issachar of old had “understanding of the times” (I Chronicles 12:32). According to Jewish commentators, this means astronomical and mathematical knowledge.

In many places in Finland, especially among Finland’s Swedes, one finds persons with Jewish blood as well. This is evidenced in several of the larger families of businessmen (Nordiskt kynne, p. 226).

If we were to study the traits of the people of Southern Ireland, we would discover resemblances to the Tribe of Dan. On the other hand, similar traits are found among the Danes, which, paradoxically, are more than counterbalanced by characteristics belonging to the Tribe of Judah! We shall therefore study the temperament of the Danish people in conjunction with both tribes.

“Judah, thou art he whom thy brethren shall praise: thy hand shall be in the neck of thine enemies; thy father’s children shall bow down before thee. Judah is a lion’s whelp: from the prey, my son, thou art gone up: he stooped down, he couched as a lion, and as an old lion; who shall rouse him up? The scepter shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh come; and unto him shall the gathering of the people be. Binding his foal unto the vine, and his.” (pages 138-140)



From The “Lost” Ten Tribes of Israel…Found! pp. 406-408


The Tribe of Issachar


“Issachar was a son of Jacob and Leah, and the tribe’s inheritance was southwest of the Sea of Galilee. After their migration into Asia, they were one of the many Sacae tribes of South Russia. There is one possible identification of them among the Sacae tribes. During the second century B.C., a tribe known as the “Tochari” migrated with the Massagetae and other Sacae tribes out of central Asia and into new homelands on the western edge of the Parthian Empire. Numbers 26:23 identifies one of Issachar’s clans as being named after “Tola,” one of Issachar’s sons. It is possible that the Scythian tribal name “Tochar-I” is a composite word composed of the first syllable from the word “To-la” and the last syllable from the word “Issa-char.” Since Tola was a clan of Issachar, the two words would have been often linked together in their usage.

A more specific evidence of the Issacharites passing through Russia on their way to Europe with the rest of the Sacae is the name “Tula,” which has been (for many centuries) the name of a Russian city south of Moscow. Plotting a course on a map from the Caucasus region past Tula would lead one directly to Finland and Scandinavia. This indicates that the tribe of Issachar took a more northerly route into Europe. That Thule, Greenland was settled by Scandinavians indicates that the clan of Tola was involved with this settlement.

The Bible offers a significant clue in Genesis 49:14-15 regarding the location of the tribe of Issachar in the latter days. It states:

“Issachar is a strong ass [donkey] couching down between two burdens: And he saw that rest was good, and the land that it was pleasant; and bowed his shoulder to bear, and became a servant unto tribute.” (Emphasis added.)

To identify Issachar, we must look for a nation which has a tradition of being quasi-independent (“under tribute”), located “between” two stronger nations or spheres of influence (the “two burdens”), and dwelling in reasonably peace and prosperity (their “rest was good, and ... the lad ... was pleasant.”).

In the ancient world a nation that was “under tribute” had limited self-rule while under the dominance of a stronger nation. In ancient days this tribute was generally an annual payment of gold or the cessation of territory.

The nation of Finland has long been in the condition of being a buffer zone between stronger, competing nations. The 1700’s and 1800’s saw Finland caught between Russia and Sweden, who fought for sovereignty over Finland. This century has seen Finland’s sovereignty regularly compromised. From 1899 to 1905, Russia dominated Finland, and “Russian officials and the Russian language were foisted on Finland wherever possible, and in 1903 the Russian governor . . . was invested with dictatorial powers.” The Finns were literally “under tribute” when “the Tsar peremptorily fixed an annual contribution” on Finland.

In World War I “Finland escaped invasion, but her liberties were restricted,” befitting a nation under tribute. World War I also saw Finns volunteering for service in the armies of both Germany and Russia (their “two burdens”). Representative government was restored in 1917, but in 1918, Finland “concluded a treaty which made her Germany’s ally and vassal.” Finland was now paying “tribute” to its other “burden.” Between the world wars, Finland became increasingly identified as a Scandinavian nation, but the ever-hungry Russian bear again launched an attack on Finland as World War II began. The Finns made a heroic resistance against the Soviets but had to sign a treaty ceding territory and dominance to Russia. When Germany attacked Russia in 1941, Finland briefly allied itself with Germany before signing an armistice with both Great Britain and Russia in 1944. At the end of World War II Finland had to pay certain amounts of finished industrial goods (more “tribute”) to the Russians.

Finland has been a buffer state between stronger nations for most of its history and has literally been “under tribute” at times. Its current “tribute” is Finland’s neutralist foreign policy, for which it receives an accommodative relationship with its big neighbor, Russia. Since Finland is located in a “buffer zone” between the western and eastern blocs, a neutralist position is a safe one for Finland. The Finnish capital, Helsinki, even gave its name to the “Helsinki Accords,” an East-West agreement signed in the neutralist nation of Finland.

Finland has found peace and prosperity by “couching down between two burdens.” This condition has even given birth to the term “Finlandization.” Finland accepts some limitations on its sovereignty, but it currently enjoys a milder form of “tribute” than it has born in recent history. Finland fulfills the prophesy about Issachar’s descendants in our modern world.”